What is the LPI?

The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) is an assessment tool to help leaders apply Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner’s Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership® model to real-life challenges and opportunities.

Who are the LPI assessments for?

Anyone interested in becoming a more effective leader will benefit from the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). Typically administered by leadership / organizational development consultants and coaches or human resource professionals, the LPI 360 and LPI Individual are designed for both new and seasoned leaders. The LPI underscores the belief that leaders grow to be more effective when they are given the right feedback and tools.

What is the difference between the various LPI assessments?

The LPI 360 is an observer-based tool for leaders and managers at all levels in an organization—commercial and nonprofit. This tool incorporates the LPI Self assessment (completed by the Leader) and the LPI Observer (completed by others chosen by the Leader).

The LPI Individual includes the use of the LPI Self assessment as a way of independently measuring one’s own leadership behaviors and is typically used when 360-degree feedback is not appropriate, or when time is short (in a meeting or presentation, for example).

What methodology was used to create the LPI?

The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) was developed through a triangulation of qualitative and quantitative research methods and studies. In-depth interviews and written case studies from personal-best leadership experiences generated the conceptual framework, which consists of The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership®:

  • Model the Way
  • Inspire a Shared Vision
  • Challenge the Process
  • Enable Others to Act
  • Encourage the Heart

The actions that make up these practices were translated into behavioral statements. Following several iterative psychometric processes, the assessments were created and administered to managers and non-managers across a variety of organizations, disciplines, and demographic backgrounds.

How reliable are the LPI assessments?

All of the LPI assessments are based on solid research that spans over twenty-five years. Reliability of the LPI is routinely tested through analysis of internal reliability, and all five leadership practices have consistently shown strong internal reliability coefficients—meaning that the items are highly correlated within each scale. Test and retest reliability also is high. In addition, results have high face validity and predictive validity: the results make sense to people and, over time, have proven to predict high-performing leaders and moderate- and low-performing ones. Overall, the LPI has been extensively applied in many organizational settings and is highly regarded in both the academic and practitioner world.

How long does it take to complete the LPI assessments?

Typically, it takes a Leader or Observer approximately 10-15 minutes to complete any of the 30-item assessments.

How do I access the LPI?

The LPI is available in a print version, and is also available online.

How do I interpret my LPI assessment?

Whether you use the print or online version, it is strongly advised to work with a trained consultant to help you interpret your LPI assessment.

Rick Sessoms, Founder/President of Freedom to Lead International has extensive experience using the LPI with hundreds of clients worldwide.  He research using the LPI to assess 100+ leaders on four continents is widely distributed by Kouzes and Posner on their website.

For more information, contact info@freedomtolead.net.